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Contemporary Times (1989 to our days)

The yearning of the Cretan people to unite with mainland Greece fulfilled a few years later after Crete had gained its independence. The Cretan parliament repeatedly voted in favour of the union. The 1905 Therissos revolution headed by Eleftherios Venizelos, forced the king Georgios, who was controlled by the "Allies", to quit. Cretans proclaimed the union with Greece, the European forces were withdrawn and finally after the end of the Balkan wars, with the Treaty of London, on the 30th of May of 1913, Crete became part of Greece.

Since then, Crete followed the fortunes of the rest of Greece. In 1923, after the exchange of populations between the newly formed Turkey and Greece, the Muslims of Crete were sent to Turkey while numerous Greeks from Asia Minor settled in Crete. On the 20th of May of 1941, the German army, after having occupied mainland Greece, unleashed the largest paratrooper attack of the WWII. The battle of Crete lasted until the 28th of May after the Germans had suffered great losses. Along with the few Greek soldiers on the island, great numbers of civilians as well as few British, Australian and New Zealanders fought against the invasion. During the German occupation Cretans organised a notable resistance.

After the end of WWII and the German withdrawal, the island saw better days. Today, Crete is on of the most prosperous areas of Greece in several sectors of the economy and the cultural life.